Pottery is one of the oldest human inventions and dates back to 29,000-25,000 BC. We know that is impressive! The greatest thing about ceramics and pottery is that anyone can do learn how to do it. Have you started taking an interest in pottery but aren’t sure where or how to start? We know that it can be a bit stressful and overwhelming once you have all your supplies but no idea how to use them. Should you be stressed out when trying out this new hobby? Absolutely not! We have outlined the ceramic techniquehttps://depts.washington.edu/matseed/mse_resources/Webpage/Ceramics/ceramics.htm that every potter should know, regardless of their level of skill. Keep reading to learn everything you will need to know about these primary and straightforward techniques.
Ceramic techique: Pinching
The pinching, or pinch pot, technique is one of the oldest methods used for pottery building. Although it is an essential technique, there are plenty of ways for you to personalize all of your creations.
What you’ll need
- Clay: it is best to use grogged clay if you are new to ceramics as it tends to hold its shape while it is being worked. Feel free to move onto smoother clay products as you get more comfortable in your technique. Find out about the stages of clay.
- Cold Water: You’ll want to keep some chilled water nearby for your hands. Warm hands create dry clay, which leads to cracking.
- Kidney: The is for you to use to scrape the inside of the pot
- Various Clay Tools: These are for you to use on your own. Wooden spatulas, scores, and other tools can be used to add a personal touch to your work!
Step by Step Guide
Step 1: Roll the clay into a smooth ball, about the size of a clementine. Try your best to smooth out any rough edges and create an even shape overall.
Step 2: Push your thumb through the center of the clay until you feel a slight amount of pressure on the other side. You essentially want to create a little tunnel.
Step 3: Use your finger and thumb to pinch out the shape of the pot. Start with the bottom of the ball and work in tiny, precise pinching movements. Slowly turn the clay ball in the palm of your hand in an even motion. This technique helps to even out any marks as you thin out the walls of the pot. Be sure to keep the rim of the pot thick to prevent your pot from taking on the wrong shape.
- Also interesting. Read our blog about ceramic, underglaze techniques and etc.
Step 4: Switch your grip so that your thumb is on the pot’s outside and your fingers are pinching the inner wall. Continue to work around the pot walls to ensure that the entire piece has an even thickness.
Step 5: After you are satisfied with your pot’s walls, begin to smooth out the rim of the pot in the same small and even pinches you used to think out the walls.
Step 6: Use a kidney to scrape and refine the inner and out surfaces of the pot. If the pot seems a bit unsteady and isn’t holding its shape, try drying it out a bit with a hairdryer.
Ceramic techique: Coiling
Before beginning your coil pot, it is vital to know the kind of shape you would like your pot to take. This ensures that you keep your vision in mind as you work on your piece. Another excellent technique for both beginners and advanced potters alike!
What You Will Need
- Clay. Read about types of clay.
- Scraping Tools: These help you shape and smooth the hard-to-reach areas within the pot.
- Loop Tools: These will help you remove large pieces of clay to reduce the wall’s thickness.
- Outline Former: This will help you maintain the pot’s shape as you work.
- A Board
Step By Step Guide
Step 1: Begin by shaping your clay into the shape of a thick, long cylinder. Then use the palms of your hands to begin the clay into a thinner piece. Start in the middle of the clay and move outwards to ensure that your work is even and the same thickness throughout.
Step 2: Make multiple coils so that you can quickly build your pot in one sitting. To prevent the loss of moisture, make sure that you place the coils on a plastic sheet with a plastic covering, as well.
Step 3: Using a small cup or a pastry cutter, cut out a base for your pot. Make the base of your pot a bit larger than your think you’ll need as you are going to lose some space once the first coil is attached.
Step 4: Place the base of the pot on a slab and begin to attach the first coil. Before applying, you will need to score and slip the edge of the base section. You may need to do this periodically throughout the process.
Step 5: Continue to wind the coil until you have reached your desired height.
Step 6: As you attach more coils, take the time to blend both the inside and outside the pot. This will ensure that your finished piece Is strong and sturdy.
Step 7: Once your coils are well blended, use a kidney to remove any bumps or uneven parts of the surface. Do this on both the inside and outside of your pot.
Step 8: As your pot grows taller, periodically use the outline former to make any necessary corrections to the shape.
Step 9: Once your piece is finished, it is the perfect time to add any decorations or embellishments that you’d like!
Like anything else, you can significantly improve your skills and start creating unique pottery pieces by starting with basic techniqueshttps://www.britannica.com/art/decorative-art and building your knowledge as you go. These two techniques are fundamental for any potter to master because they get you more comfortable as you work with clay. Did you feel that this guide helped teach you more about some easy ceramic techniques?